Sentences Commentary (1-10)
The school of Aquinas’ deepÂ theological and philosophical thought begins here.
All the famous medieval scholastics, from John Duns Scotus to William of Ockham, wrote their own commentaries on Peter Lombard’sÂ Sentences.
Aquinas’ work is the equivalent of a doctoral dissertation thatÂ prepared him to teachÂ theology in Paris and marked the beginning of his writing career.
Summa Contra Gentiles (11-12)
To make missionaries, Aquinas knew that his brethren needed to understand the faith.
As a kind of apologetic work, the Summa Contra Gentiles provides explanations for the faith with the intent of sharing that faith with others.
Spanning the goodness of creation to the mystery of the Trinity, Aquinas reveals those parts of theology that can be understood by human reason, and those which surpass reason.
Summa Theologiae (13-22)
Aquinas begins his famous Summa Theologiae by getting right to the heart of what every person longs to see: the face of God.
Spanning subjects as diverse as law and government, sacraments and liturgy, and psychology and ethics, Thomas Aquinas’ Summa Theologiae remains one of the great seminal works of theology and philosophy.
As his most well-known publication, one could say that if you haven’t read the Summa, you haven’t read Aquinas.
Disputed Questions (23-28)
Aquinas was not only a teacher, but a debater as well.
In the way of Socrates, Aquinas engaged with his students’ questions. As opposed to theÂ Summa Theologiae, however, theÂ Disputed Questions focus in on specific topics.
Explore Aquinas’ thoughts on epistemology, free will, the hypostatic union, and more in his many Disputed Questions.
Old Testament Commentaries (29-32)
Sacred scripture was Aquinas’ area of expertise.
Though he was an accomplished philosopher, Aquinas considered himself a Biblical scholar first and wrote on the Old Testament throughout his life.
Spanning the books of Psalms, Jeremiah, Job and more, these scriptural commentaries showcase Aquinas’ development as a writer and exegetical skill.
Gospel Commentaries (33-36)
To delve into Aquinas’ thoughts on the Gospels, one need look no further than his commentaries on Matthew and John.
A great resource for pastors, seminarians, and the lay faithful, Aquinas synthesizes the thoughts of Aristotle and insights of the Church Fathers in his treatment of the Gospels.
Now in a full four volume set!
Pauline Commentaries (37-41)
“Any serious reader of St. Paul must know this commentary.” – Matthew Levering
Peering into Paul’s writings, Aquinas draws on the tradition of the Church Fathers to reveal the beauties of these saintly letters.
As an exercise of exegetical scholarship, Aquinas illuminates Paul’s treatment of grace and spiritual adoption for all readers in a manner worthy of the subject.
Catena Aurea (42-45)
Rooted in the Church Fathers, Aquinas synthesizes scripture and tradition in his gloss of the four Gospels.
Considering both Eastern and Latin Church Fathers, Aquinas’Â Catena Aurea provides a unified and unique aid to scripture study for the modern Christian.
As a true teacher, Aquinas displays the thought of the Fathers with clarity and provides an enriching guide to reading the Gospels.
Aristotle Commentaries (46-53)
A learner as well as a teacher, Aquinas’ study of Aristotle inspired an integrated Catholic philosophy.
Fleshing out many Aristotelian ideas for the Catholic reader, Aquinas considers where this philosopher’s work might be helpful for the faithful’s conception of the world.
From politics to potency and metaphysics, Aquinas showcases the intersection between faith and reason.
Other Commentaries (54)
Eager to discover, Aquinas’ own studies included the writings of Boethius, Pseudo-Dionysius, and the realm of Neo-Platonic thought.
Always one to consider and question, Aquinas’ dialogues between Aristotelian thought and Neo-Platonic ideas enlighten readers as to their philosophical distinctions.
In a true scholarly spirit, this saint’s extensive commentaries reveal his desire to learn and grapple with reality.
A kind of Summa Theologiae for beginners, Aquinas writes his “little works” for the new reader.
Touching on a variety of subject matter, each of Aquinas’ Opuscula relay his keen sense of humor and interest in the wide-ranging topics of his day.
Certainly a man in contact with the world around him, Aquinas’ writings reveal the concerns and questions of his own contemporaries, explaining matters of faith, philosophy, liturgy in easy-to-understand terms.
Historical Documents (59-60)
For more information on Aquinas himself, consult the papal documents and biographies written in light of Aquinasâ€™ teachings and his person.
For the avid Aquinas scholar, these sources are a valuable means of deepening one’s understanding of Aquinas outside of his own works.